Ongoing Care

Regular monitoring is especially important with myelofibrosis because the disease can cause other symptoms and side effects that need to be treated. These may include anemia, high white blood cell count, enlarged spleen and others. Some of the following therapies may be used to manage the symptoms and complications caused by myelofibrosis.

Androgens are a type of hormone therapy that promotes the development of male hormones. They may be given to improve anemia.

Blood transfusions are given for severe anemia. Blood donated by another person may be given intravenously (IV) to a patient through a vein in their arm.

Corticosteroids are drugs used to treat some blood cancers and can ease nausea and vomi-ting, two side effects typically associated with chemotherapy. They can be used alone or in combination with other types of antiemetic (anti-nausea) therapy. They are given orally or intravenously (IV).

Erythropoietin is a growth factor designed to stimulate bone marrow stem cells to make red blood cells, which may improve anemia. Your doctor will check your erythropoietin level to determine if you may benefit from this therapy.

Granulocyte colony stimulating factors and granulocyte macrophage stimulating factors are drugs that may be administered to help the body make white blood cells other than lymphocytes. White blood cells are often damaged by treatment, which can increase the risk of infection.

Platelet transfusions may be given to patients with a very low platelet count. Platelets donated by another person may be given intravenously to a patient through a vein in their arm.

Talk with your doctor about setting up a follow-up schedule of appointments. Be sure to communicate new symptoms that occur between appointments.

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